The Impact of Climate Change in the Sahel on Human Security in the Mediterranean

30 November 2018
Elcano Royal Institute, Madrid

The Sahel zone, due to its geography, demography, as well as its level of precarious industrialization, is more threatened by the climate change than any other region of the world. The developments in the Sahel present as well direct challenges to the Mediterranean region.

While it is certain that the southern shore of the Mediterranean is more vulnerable than the northern to the dangers of climate change, it is still true that southern Europe shows signs of fragility in the face of the phenomenon.

The workshop examined how the climate change combined with the strong population growth in the Sahel countries amplified the vulnerability and poverty of the populations living in this area, as well as how criminal and terrorist groups exploited the vulnerability caused by climate change to achieve their objectives and increase their activities in this region.

The debates assessed as well EU responses to address climate-related developments, including its policies on migration and asylum to address environmental migration, as well as other climate-related security risks, with the aim to analyze how and under what conditions these responses can be effective.

The workshop was organised in the framework of EuroMeSCo ENI Project, co-funded by the European Commission and the IEMed.





Charles Powell Director Elcano Royal Institute
Angel Losada EU Special Representative for the Sahel
Abdelhak Bassou Senior Fellow OCP Policy Center
Bouchra Rahmouni Benhida Senior Fellow OCP Policy Center
Patricia Lisa Analyst Elcano Royal Institute
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