Morocco’s current concerns are essentially economic and social in nature and thus the question of regional integration is not a priority. This research has shown that the main priority is rather to implement reforms that promise to improve the living conditions of the Moroccan people. Regional integration is therefore seen more as a possible means to achieving such reforms. The much needed economic reforms remain pending in part due to the Kingdom’s underdeveloped democratic political system. Democracy is clearly associated to the country’s level of economic development, but not to the resolution of the Western Sahara conflict, which now appears to concern and affect the Algerians far more than the Moroccans.