Mobility and fieldwork are key drivers of the quality of academic and scientific research. However, those are not always easily accessible to researchers from the southern shore of the Mediterranean. This policy brief looks at the factors that hinder the access of young researchers from Southern Mediterranean countries to scientific mobility. The analysis addresses both the policy and implementation challenges of the existing mobility schemes. The article highlights the fact that the youth mobility struggle finds its roots in complicated issues pertaining to perception and security matters, which have long conditioned the success of Euro-Mediterranean cooperation. The second part of the article aims to provide recommendations on ways to improve young researchers’ access to mobility in the Euro-Mediterranean space.