|Paper 76: UNIFIL II: Emerging and Evolving European Engagement in Lebanon and the Middle East|
|Written by Karim Makdisi, Timur Goksel, Hans Bastian Hauck, Stuart Reigeluth|
There has been a long-standing debate on the merits and drawbacks of UNIFIL, the UN “interim” peacekeeping operation established by the UN Security Council (UNSC) in the aftermath of the 1978 Israeli invasion of Lebanon. This study contributes towards a greater understanding of the nature of peace-keeping operations in the Middle East through its overview of the two phases of UNIFIL’s 30-year intervention in Lebanon. Viewing this force as part of a broader regional solution, this report offers concrete recommendations directed mainly at those EU Member States most heavily involved in UNIFIL II, in the hope of rendering their contribution more effective, avoiding recurrent pitfalls, and of finally reaching the set objectives – of not only down-sizing their participation, but also successfully implementing a viable and just peace that ensures shared human security and mutual economic prosperity for Israel and Lebanon alike.
Institutional backing for this report was provided by the German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP), Berlin, and the Lebanese Center for Policy Studies (LCPS), Beirut, and also counted on additional support from the Toledo International Centre for Peace (CITpax), Madrid, and the Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs, American University of Beirut (AUB). As regards the authors, Karim Makdisi is Assistant Professor of International Relations in the Department of Political Studies and Public Administration at the American University of Beirut; Timur Göksel served as spokesperson and senior advisor to UNIFIL I until 2003, and now also teaches at the AUB; Hans Bastian Hauck is Head of Program of DGAP’s International Forum on Strategic Thinking; and Stuart Reigeluth is Projects Manager for the Africa and Middle East Program at CITpax, Madrid.
Full text in pdf